Windows gives users an option to select a network type when a new network is connected to the computer. These public and private.
Network location is automatically set to Public. This is the safest option as it will keep your computer invisible on the network. In case you do not know whether a Public or Private Network has been setup on your computer or you can still change the Network type on your computer to Public or Private network.
Set Your Network Profile in Windows 10 to Private or Public
A public network is the default network type. When you set a network as Public, your computer assumes that you do not have any control over the network. If no network type is selected, Windows will configure Windows Firewall using the Public network type rules. Windows Firewall rules will be the most restrictive. Hence, Windows 10 makes your computer hidden from other devices on the network, making it unsuitable for sharing files and printers with other devices on the network. You should use this type of network when you have only one computer and do not want to communicate with any other network device.
When you trust a network (such as your Home WiFi Network), you may want to set it up as a Private Network.This type of network will enable most networking features of Windows 10 like file sharing, network device setup, network discovery etc. But, It is a good practice is to use Public Network type, whenever you are out of your home or office.
Before ,To check the current network type settings, follow the steps below:
Go to Control Panel –> Network and Internet –> View Network status and tasks
You will see the network type under each connected network.
Change Network Type in Windows 10
1- Go to Settings app in Windows 10.
2- In the Settings app, click Network & Internet option.
3- On the next screen, click on Status in the left pane. In the right-pane, click on Change Connection Properties Link.
4- Here you can change your Network profile to Public or Private. Choose the one that best suits your environment.